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突破贫困山区乡村振兴政策瓶颈——湖北恩施州专题调研
2018-06-14 08:23
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  实施乡村振兴战略是新时代“三农”工作的总抓手。目前,贫困地区在推进乡村振兴的过程中,还存在许多政策瓶颈急需突破。为此,笔者与湖北恩施州农业农村局有关同志对恩施州开展了专题调研。 

  贫困山区乡村振兴政策瓶颈 

  GUANYUJICENGNONGJIDUIWUDEZHENGCEPINGJING。YISHIJINRENNAN。QUANZHOU91GEXIANG(ZHEN、BAN)XIANYOUJICENGNONGYEZHONGXIN101GE,ZAIGANGNONGJIRENYUAN1351REN,PINGJUNMEIGECUNCONGSHINONGYEJISHUTUIGUANGDEBUZU0.5REN。ZI2006NIANSHIXINGGAIGEHOU,GEXIANSHINONGYEFUWUZHONGXINJUNMEIYOUZHAOLUXINREN,JIANSHAOLEJIN400REN(ZHUYAOSHITUIXIURENYUAN),QIECHENGXIANZHUNIANDIJIANDEQUSHI。QUANZHOUJICENGNONGJIDUIWUZAIGANGRENYUANZHONG35SUIYIXIAJINYOU2REN,ZHAN0.15%;36SUIZHI50SUI869REN,ZHAN64.32%;50SUIYISHANG480REN,ZHAN35.53%,CUNZAIQINGHUANGBUJIE、JINRENNANDEXIANXIANG。ERSHIJINSHENGNAN。QUANZHOUJICENGNONGJIDUIWUZAIGANGRENYUANZHONG,HUODEFUGAOZHICHENGJIN9REN,ZHAN0.67%;HUODEZHONGJIZHICHENG648REN,ZHAN47.96%;HUODECHUJIZHICHENG681REN,ZHAN50.41%;13RENWUJISHUZHICHENG,ZHAN0.96%。ANZHAOSHENGYOUGUANWENJIANGUIDING,NONGYEXINGYEDEZHUANYEJISHURENYUANZHONGGAOJIZHISHUZHIYOU35%,BIQITAXINGYEDI10%,BUFENNIANFULIQIANGDEJISHUGUGANMIANLINZHIJIJINSHENGDETIANHUABAN,ZHEIYANZHONGYINGXIANGLEJICENGNONGJIFUWURENYUANDEGONGZUOJIJIXING。SANSHIZHISHIGENGXINNAN。QUANZHOUJICENGNONGJIDUIWUZAIGANGRENYUANZHONG,BENKEJIYISHANGXUELI123REN,ZHAN9.1%;DAZHUANXUELI624REN,ZHAN46.19%;ZHONGZHUANXUELI604REN,ZHAN44.71%。BENSHENXUELICENGCIJIUBUGAO,JIASHANGSHOUZHIYUDANWEIXINGZHI、SHENFENBIANZHIDENGYUANYIN,ZHEIPIRENYUANHENNANDEDAOXITONGXINGDEZHISHIGENGXINPEIXUN,MANZUBULEPINKUNDIQUCHANYEFAZHANDUIFUHEXINGRENCAIDEXUYAO,CUNZAIKEJIFUWUNENGLIBUZUDEXIANXIANG。 

  GUANYUSHANQUNONGYEJIXIEHUAYUNYONGFANGMIANDEZHENGCEPINGJING。YOUYULAODONGLIDALIANGWAICHUWUGONGDAOZHIENSHIZHOURENKOULAOLINGHUA、NENGLIRUOHUADENGWENTITUCHU,DABUFENCUNZHUANGCHENGXIANKONGXINHUA,“SHEILAIZHONGDI”WENTIRIQUYANZHONG,CHANYEFAZHANLAODONGLIDUANQUE,NONGYEJIXIEHUAYUNYONGQUEFASHENGCHANZHUTI。YOUYUSHIYISHANQUDEBUSHAOJIXIEMEIYOUJINRUGUOJIANONGJIGOUZHIBUTIEMULU,TEBIESHIJINNIANLAISUIZHENONGJIGOUZHIBUTIEZHENGCEDEDIAOZHENGBIANHUA,SHIYISHANQUZUOYEDEXIAOXINGJIJU、TESECHANYEJIJU、SHESHINONGYE、LENGZANGSHEBEIDENGBUTIEPINMUJIANSHAO,BUFENSHANQUZUOYEJIJUBUTIEQUXIAO,DANJIBUTIEEDUXIADIAO,ZHENGCEYOUHUIJILIZUOYONGRUOHUA。TONGSHI,ZHENGCEDUIQIYE、DAZHUANYUANXIAO、KEYANYUANXIAODUISHANQUNONGJIYANFACHUANGXINJILIZHIXIANGYOUXIAN,SHANQUBENDINONGJISHENGCHANQIYEJISHAO,DAZHUANYUANXIAOJIXIESHEJIZHUANYEQUESHI,DISHIZHOUJINONGJIKEYANZHANSUOQUERENQUEQIAN,BUJUBEIYANFASHENGCHANSHIYIBENDINONGYEJIJUDENENGLI,SHANQUNONGYESHENGCHANFAZHANYUNONGJIJUJINQUEDEMAODUNZAIDUANQINEIHENNANDEDAOGENBENGAIGUAN。 

  GUANYUSHICHANGZHUTIRONGZIFANGMIANDEZHENGCEPINGJING。ZAIJINRONGZHENGCESHANG,ZHICHINONGYEFAZHANDEJINRONGZHENGCELUODINAN,JINRONGCHANPINDANYI,DAIKUANMENJIANGAO。ENSHIZHOUNONGYEQIYEDADOUSHUYUXIAOWEIQIYE,HAICHUYUFAZHANYUKUOZHANGJIEDUAN,RONGZIXUQIUDA,DANYOUYUNONGYEQIYEKEZUOWEIYINXINGDAIKUANDEDANBAODIYAWUXUQIUSHICHANGXIAZHAI,NANYICHUZHIBIANXIAN,JINRONGJIGOUCHUYUJIANGDIXINDAIFENGXIANDEKAOLV,GUIMOXIAO、FENGXIANDADENONGYEXIAOWEIQIYENANYIHUODEYINXINGQINGLAI。JINNIANLAI,SUIRANTONGGUONONGCUNJITICHANQUANZHIDUGAIGE、NONGCUNJITILINQUANZHIDUGAIGEDENGFANGSHI,BUFENYINXINGCHUTAILETUDIJINGYINGQUAN、LINDIJINGYINGQUANDIYADAIKUANBANFA,DANPINGGUBIAOZHUNJIAODI。TONGSHI,YOUYUJINRONGJIGOUDUIYUJICENGXINDAIYUANSHIXINGDAIKUANZERENZHONGSHENZHUIJIUZHIDU,DUIBULIANGDAIKUANCHULIDEZHONG,DUIZHENGCHANGSHOUHUIDEDAIKUANYOUJIANGLIDI,JIASHANGXIAOWEIQIYEZHENGXINXITONGBUJIANQUAN,XINDAIYUANZAIRENDINGQIYEXINDAIZIZHIHEDAIKUANJINESHI,HUISHELIGENGYANKEDEBIAOZHUN,SHENZHIHUIXINGCHENGNINGKEWUGONG、BUKEYOUGUODE“BICUO”XINLI,JICENGYINXING“KONGDAI”“SHENDAI”QINGKUANGPUBIAN,JIAJULERONGZINANDAIKUANDIWENTI。 

AG真人国际厅  GUANYUNONGYEQIYEYONGDISHENPIFANGMIANDEZHENGCEPINGJING。NONGYEQIYEYOUYUJINGYINGXUQIU,BUJUBEIJINZHUGONGYEYUANQUDETIAOJIAN,DUOSHUQIYEZAIXUANZHIGUOCHENGZHONGXUANZEKAOJINYUANCAILIAOCHANDI,JIBENSHANGDOUWEIYUNONGCUN。YOUYUENSHIZHOUTESHUDEDIXINGDIMAO,NONGCUNKELIYONGTUDICHULEGENGDI、NONGMINZHAIJIDIWAI,DABUFENTUDISHULINYEHESHENGTAIYONGDI,ERQUANZHOUYOU40%SHUYUSHENGTAIGONGNENGQU,QIESHIGUOJIAGUIDINGDEXIANZHIKAIFAQU,GUOJIAHONGGUANZHENGCEDUIYUSHENGTAIBAOHUYOUYINGXINGYAOQIU,XIANGGUANSHICHANGZHUTIYAOJINYIBUKUODAJINGYINGGUIMO,XUYAOYIDINGDETUDIZIYUANYONGYUSHENGCHANJIDI、JIAGONGCHANGFANG、PEITAOSHESHIDEJIANSHE,QIYEYONGDISHENBAOMIANLINJIBENNONGTIAN、SHENGTAILINBAOHUDENGDUOZHONGSHENGTAIHONGXIANDEZHIYUE。 

AG真人国际厅  GUANYUJICENGCUNGANBUDAIYUBAOZHANGFANGMIANDEZHENGCEPINGJING。2015NIANHUBEISHENGCHUTAIWENJIANGUIDING,CUNZHUZHIGANBUGONGZUOBAOCHOUDEDIXIANBIAOZHUNANZHAODANGDIFUXIANGZHENZHANGGONGZISHUIPINGQUEDING。ZAISHIJIZHIXINGZHONG,GEXIANSHIZAIHESUANGONGZIBIAOZHUNSHI,JINHESUANLEDANGDIFUXIANGZHENZHANGDEGONGZIDAIYU,WEIHESUANNIANZHONGJIXIAOJIANGLI、XIANGGUANBUTIEDENGFULIDAIYU,YUXIANGZHENGANBUSHIJISHOURUYOUJIAODACHAJU。MUQIANQUANZHOUCUNZHUZHIGANBUXINCHOUYUE4WANYUAN/NIAN,FUZHIDAIYUJINWEI1-2WANYUAN/NIAN。TONGSHI,LIRENCUNGANBUYANGLAOBAOZHANGEDUDI。2011NIAN,WEIGUIFANHEWANSHANQUANSHENGCHENGXIANGJUMINSHEHUIYANGLAOBAOXIANZHIDU,HUBEISHENGCHUTAIWENJIAN,JIANGCUNZHUZHIGANBUGERENZHANGHUJIJINNARUCHENGXIANGJUMINSHEHUIYANGLAOBAOXIANGERENZHANGHUJIJINTONGYIGUANLI。DANJUJIANSHIXIANCUNGANBUFANYING,CUNGANBUYANGLAOBAOXIANFAFANGBIAOZHUNWEI283YUAN/YUE,ERDIBAOHUWEI375YUAN/YUE、WUBAOHUWEI587YUAN/YUE,CUNZHIBUSHUJITUIXIUHOUBAOZHANGJIAODI,DAOZHIZAIZHICUNGANBUGONGZUOREQINGBUGAO,TONGSHIDUIXINSHENGHOUBEILILIANGDEXIYINLIYEBUZU,PUBIANCUNZAICUNZHILIANGWEIRENCAIJIEGOUSHIHENG、PINGJUNNIANLINGPIANDA、WENHUASHUIPINGPIANDI、WUNIANQINGHOUBEIGANBUDEQINGKUANG。 

AG真人国际厅  GUANYUJILIXIANGXIANFANXIANGFANGMIANDEZHENGCEPINGJING。MUQIANNONGCUNSHEHUIMIANLINDALIANGRENCAILIUSHIDEKEGUANXIANSHI,XIANGXIANZUOWEINONGCUNYOUXIURENCAIDEZHONGYAOLAIYUAN,SHUXIJIAXIANGQINGKUANG、GUANZHUJIAXIANGFAZHAN、FANBUSHENGYANGZHIDI,YIJINGCHENGWEIXIANGCUNZHENXINGDEZHONGYAOLILIANG。DANENSHIZHOUXIANYOUZHENGCECEZHONGYUXIYINWAIDIRENCAIFANXIANGFAZHANCHANYE,DUIYUZHOUNEIDANRENGUOYIDINGJIBIEXINGZHENGZHIWUDELITUIXIUGANBUYIJIJUYOUHENGAOWEIWANGHEKOUBEIDEPUTONGNONGCUNDANGYUAN、DANGWAIRENSHIYIJIYIBANCUNMINZUOWEIXIANGXIANFANXIANGDEZHENGCEZHICHIBUZU。YIBUFENRENTONGGUOCANYUXIANGCUNZHILI、DIAOJIEMAODUNJIUFENDENG,FANXIANGFAHUIYURE,DANCHUNSHIZUOFENGXIAN,YIBANGULVJIAOSHAO。DANHAIYOUYIBUFENSHANZHANGCONGSHINONGYESHENGCHAN,XIWANGTONGGUOLINGBANQIYEDAILINGCUNMINFAZHANCHANYEZHIFU,ZEZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGHUISHOUXIANGYINGGUIZHANGZHIDU、FALVFAGUIDEXIANZHI。 

  GUANYUNONGCUNJICHUSHESHIXIANGMUJIANSHEFANGMIANDEZHENGCEPINGJING。ENSHIZHOUBAGEXIANSHIJUNWEIGUOJIAJIZHONGDIANPINKUNXIAN,QIXIANGCUNSHUIDIANQILU、MINSHENGGAISHANDENGGONGCHENGXIANGMUJIANSHEJUEDADUOSHUYOUZHENGFUBUMENTOUZI,DADUOCAIYONGGONGKAIZHAOBIAODEXINGSHI。YOUYUNONGCUNJICHUJIANSHEXIANGMUPUBIANGUIMOJIAOXIAO,QIEGENJUYUSUANSUOBOFADEZIJINYOUXIAN,ZHEISHIDEHENDUOSHIGONGQIYENENGGOUCONGZHONGHUOQUDAODELIRUNXIANGDUIJIAODI,YINCICANYUZHAOTOUBIAODESHIGONGQIYEXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,NONGCUNXIANGMUJIANSHEGONGCHENGCHANGYINWEITOUBIAOQIYESHULIANGBUZUERLIUBIAO,SHENZHIDUOCIZHAOBIAO,YANZHANGLEXIANGMUGONGQI,WUFASHIXIANJISHIBUZUNONGCUNJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEDUANBAN。QIEZAIZHAOTOUBIAOGUOCHENGZHONG,KAIBIAO、DINGBIAODENGHUANJIEJUNYIXINGZHENGDANWEIWEIZHUTI,SHI“TUDIWEISHENGMING”DEGUANGDANONGMINCANYUDUJIAODI,WEIHOUQIDESHUNLISHIGONGMAIXIAYINHUAN。 

  

                                                                                                        对策建议 

  QIANGHUANONGJIFUWUDUIWUJIANSHE。MINGQUEGEXIANG(ZHEN、BAN)NONGYEJISHUTUIGUANGZHONGXINWEIGONGYIXINGYILEISHIYEDANWEI,YOUXIANSHIBIANZHI、RENSHEGUANLIBUMENYIZHAOFUWUQUYUDAXIAOHEDINGBIANZHI,NARUXIANAGZHENRENGUOJITINGZHIGUANSHIYEDANWEITONGYIGUANLI。CONG2019NIANQI,LIANXU5NIANYUNXUPINKUNXIANSHIMEIGEXIANGZHENMEINIANZHAOLU1MINGNONGJITUIGUANGYUAN,CANZHAOSHIYERENYUANGUANLI。DUIENSHIZHOUMEIGEZHONGDIANPINKUNCUNZHAOPIN1MINGTEPINNONGJIYUAN,ZUOWEIPINKUNCUNKEJIFUPINDAITOUREN。YUNXUXIANYOU“YIQIANYANGSHI”DUIWUZHONG,JUBEITIAOJIANDEKECANJIAGONGWUYUANHESHIYERENYUANZHAOKAO,CHENGJIYOUYI、QUNZHONGRENKEDUGAODE,KETIBAZHONGYONG。JIANGENSHIZHOUNONGYEXINGYEZHUANYEJISHURENYUANZHONGGAOJIZHICHENGBILIYOUXIANXINGDE35%TIGAODAO45%,XINZENGBILIQUANBUQINGXIEDAOXIANGZHEN。 

AG真人国际厅  TIGAOSHANQUNONGYEJIXIEHUAYUNYONGNENGLI。DUIPINKUNDIQUNONGJIGOUZHIBUTIEZHENGCEANZHAOJINEBAOGAN、BIAOZHUNBUBIAN、MULUZIDING、BEIANGUANLIZHIXING,ZAIBUTIEEDUHEBUTIEBIAOZHUNBUBIANDEQIANTIXIA,YUNXUYOUGEXIANSHIZIXINGZHIDINGBUTIEMULU,SHANGBAOSHENGJIXIANGGUANBUMENBEIAN,JIEJUEPINKUNSHANQUFAZHANSHENGCHANLAODONGLIBUZUDEWENTI。 

AG真人国际厅  JIANGDISHICHANGZHUTIRONGZIMENJIAN。DUIDAOJIANDANGLIKAPINKUNCUNJIANCHANYEJIDI,DAIDONGPINKUNCUN、PINKUNHUFAZHANZHONGYANGYESHIXIANTUOPINDESHICHANGZHUTI,ANZHAODAIDONGDEPINKUNHUHUSHU,QUEDINGSHOUXINEDU,ZAIHEZUOYINXINGDAIKUANYUNXUCANZHAOFUPINXIAOEXINDAIZHENGCEZHIXING,JIMIANDANBAO、MIANDIYA、QUANTIEXI。JIANLIZHOUJINONGYEBAOXIANFAZHANJIJIN,DUINONGYETIGONGBAOXIANBUTIE。DUIZHONGXIAOQIYEJINRONGFUWUSHIXINGDANDUKAOHE,DUIKEGUANYUANYINXINGCHENGDEZHONGXIAOQIYEBULIANGDAIKUANHEJINZHIGUANLIDEXINDAIRENYUANZUODAOJINZHIZHEMIANZE。 

AG真人国际厅  POCHUTUDIZIYUANLIYONGPINGJING。XIANGGUANBUMENXUYAOJIEHEENSHIZHOUFAZHANSHIJI,SHIDANGWANSHANTUDIBIANGENGCHENGXU,TIGAOSHENCHA、CESUAN、HUANPINGXIAOLV。ZHONGDIANQINGLIXIANZHITUDI,PANHUOCUNLIANG,DUIXIANZHILIANGNIANYISHANGDETUDI,JIANJUEXIANQIYIFASHOUHUI,GONGJIJIXUYONGDI、XIAOYILIANGHAODEXIANGMU,TIGAOTUDILIYONGXIAOLV,SHIXIANCHANYEYONGDIZHENGCEYUCHANYEFAZHANDAOXIANGXIANGPIPEI。 

  TIGAOCUNGANBUDAIYU。JIANGNIANZHONGJIXIAOJIANGLI、XIANGGUANBUTIEDENGFULIDAIYUYENARUDAOCUNZHUZHIGANBUGONGZUOBAOCHOUHESUANTIXI,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGTIGAOCUNGANBUGONGZIBIAOZHUN。TIGAOCUNGANBUYANGLAOHEJIBENYILIAOBAOXIANEDU,JIANLICAIZHENGZHUANXIANGJIJIN,YONGYUJIEJUETUIXIUCUNGANBUFULIDAIYU,BAOZHENGCUNGANBULAOYOUSUOYANG、BINGYOUSUOYI。 

  GOUJIANXIANGXIANFANXIANGDEGONGZUOJIZHI。JIANLIZAIWAIRENCAIXINXIKU,YOUDIFANGZHENGFUQIANTOUZUZHIZHAOKAIDIQUXIANGXIANFANXIANGAGZHENRENGUOJITINGHUI,GULIXIANGXIANDAOZIYUANJIAOFENGFU、XIANGCUNRENCAILIUCHUJIAODUODEDIFANGKAIZHANXIANGXIANHUIGUISHIDIANSHIFAN,CHONGFENFAHUIXIANGXIANZAICUNJIZHILIZHONGDEBUWEIHEFUZHUZUOYONG,ZUOHAO“YINZHI、YINZI、YINCAI”GONGZUO。 

  YOUHUANONGCUNXIANGMULIUCHENG。ZHENDUIPINKUNSHANQUXIANGMUJIANSHEGONGQIZHANG、RENWUJIN、ZIJINSHAODETESHUQINGKUANG,CUNJIXIANGMUJIANSHETONGYIYOUCUNJITIJINGYINGGONGSIFUZEZUZHISHISHI。 

  

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